Malaria Research In Bangladesh
Bangladesh is one of the members of the SAARC community and is considered to be one of the poorest nations in the world. This is also a country where malaria is considered to be more than just a menace and is one of the biggest health problem factors of the country. There are currently 128 million people in the country and drastically about eighty eight percent % of them are under threat from Malaria. There are a couple of prevalent varieties of the disease and out of the two Plasmodium falciparum is more predominant than the Plasmodium vivax. The main cases of malaria come from 13 out of 64 districts of this Asian nation. These districts have a total population of 24 million people and out of that figure around 10 million are considerably under high risks. The 34 Upazilla or the smaller divisions of these districts are all prone and fall in the border belt areas. Outbreaks of a focal kind are also pretty much common here.
Reportedly in the last three years malaria caused by the aforementioned Plasmodium falciparum has been showing a gradual increase. The Plasmodium falciparum also happens to be the most dangerous forms of parasites and this is indeed alarming news. Several deaths caused by the outbreaks of Malaria have been reported from many different districts and it is no surprise that the Plasmodium falciparum is the primary cause of these outbreaks. There was also a very bad response to the SP or the Sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine was seen in the epidemic factor. There were many other factors that also contributed to such lethal outbreaks. These factors might include everything from migration of people to neighboring areas of endemic character to badly organized system of surveillance. Absolute absence of the indoor residual sprays for a total of the last five years prior to the outbreak and nonexistent treatments are also deemed to be important contributing factors.
Treatment of the disease- In Bangladesh there is an absence of any anti-malarial policy of drugs however there are a few specific drugs meant for various levels of sickness along with many guidelines made available by the government. These drugs cannot be laid hands on without any sort of prescriptions. There are many restrictions as regards the effective application as well as monitoring of the assurance of quality of the drugs is also concerned. There is a collection of very important drugs manufactured by the DDA or the Department of Drug Administration. There are both SHP and HP (the former stands for Sub Health Posts while the latter represents Health Posts) that have the power to prescribe the first lines of drugs that fight Malaria. These drugs include the likes of chloroquine and primaquine. There is also a second line treatment available for simpler cases of this disease. District centers as well as PHC or the Primary Health Centers also exist along with many other higher levels of health organizations and all of them collectively can prescribe either anti-malaria tablets or the quinine injections that are meant for both severe bouts and complex case of the disease.