Malaria Research Over The Years
The female anopheles mosquito found in the tropical as well as in the sub tropical regions of the Africa's, Americas and Asia is responsible for the number of deaths caused due to the malaria virus. Malaria is generally caused by the virus plasmodium and usually takes about a week to mature in the body of a mosquito before it is fully active to wreak havoc when it is passed on to a healthy person by the bite of the mosquito. While in the human body this virus attacks the haemo protozoa or the red blood cells causing irreparable damage if not treated on time.
For many decades malaria has been associated with poverty and the assumption is right. It can also be said that malaria is that disease which hinders the economic development of a said country. Malaria is more prevalent in the poorer sections of society as they are more susceptible to unhygienic means of living and other factors that are responsible for the spread of this disease.
It has been seen in the countries like Angola and India deaths related to malaria are high due to the poverty levels and insufficient medical help being doled out.
25 years of civil war left Angola a backward and malnourished country on the face of the earth with only these pesky mosquitoes for company. These mosquitoes are responsible for most of the deaths of babies and young children below the age of five years. Malaria is caused by any of the following four versions of the plasmodium: Falciparum, Vivax, Malariae, ovale. This virus affects a number of people and symptoms that accompany the milder strains of virus are responsible for the deaths of people.
The most simple and basic way out is to eradicate these malaria spreading mosquitoes. This can be achieved when the government, common man and other respective health agencies join hands to collectively destroy this menace from the core.
Eradication is not easy, first and foremost relevant data, weather conditions, technical support has to be mustered before one can move ahead. Once this has been accomplished the eradication process can be started. Spraying of insecticides and releasing mosquito eating fish in pools of water will eliminate the mosquito larvae in these water pools.
It has been always said and preached that prevention is better than cure, thus once the eradication process is over one must take care to see that one is not affected by the bite of any random glory hunting mosquito. For this one must make use of mosquito repellant creams, coils and mats. One can also avail of medicinally treated mosquito nets that can be spread over the bed to safe guard small children. Windows and doors should be properly closed during peak mosquito biting hours which span the time interval from dusk to dawn. Wire mesh screen doors can also be affixed to windows and doors to minimize contact with these insects. It should be noted that while venturing out during the evening time in areas of high risk on should wear thick long pants and shirts and apply insect repellant cream on the exposed parts of the body.
Malaria treatment on the whole is not complicated it only needs a lot of patience for the work to bear fruit.